Botox synthesized neurotoxin obtains from bacterium. And discovered at the end of the 19th century.
This use to treat neurological pathologies and cosmetic use is one of the most demanded therapies for the correction of wrinkles and expression on the face.
They join between peripheral nerve and muscle. At this level, it produces the release of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter necessary to build muscle contraction.
In this way, the botulinum toxin works by blocking acetylcholine release and producing temporary muscle relaxation.
And without causing any physical injury, nerve or muscle structures. The main indications are those where there exaggerates muscular-nervous activity.
And example, nervous ‘tics,’ strabismus, spasticity, expression lines, and excessive sweating. The toxin applies to different parts of the muscle to no longer receive the nervous stimulus.
It stops contracting. And the best results obtain the treatment of expression lines such as the frown, forehead, or ‘crow’s feet.’
What are the Effects of Botox?
- The effect caused by Botox is the temporary paralysis of the muscles into which it infiltrates. The toxin blocks the neuromuscular junction.
- So nerve impulses cannot produce contraction. And therefore the movement of the muscle. It causes the patient to have a little gesture of the face.
- And therefore, less dynamic wrinkles are form. The paralysis does not complete so that smooth movement, without a mask effect or an expressionless face, is achieved.
- Botox’s effects are temporary, with the return to normal mobility in approximately six months, so it is entirely reversible.
What are the Side Effects of Botox?
- The secondary effects after the application of botulinum toxin are minor and temporary. After a while, the toxin stops exerting its inhibitory influence on the muscles and regain their strength.
- And most critical frequent opposing effects caused by local injections are pain, like excessive muscle weakness.
- In this sense, the most common aesthetic use is the drooping of the eyebrows or, even, of the upper eyelids due to excessive treatment of the frontal muscle.
- And also, the effects begin to be felt approximately to 48 hours of infiltration and peak result a week.
- As preventive treatment in younger skin (30-35 years old), one session a year enough and executive treatment (already marked wrinkles from 35-40 years old).
- And also it recommends repeating every six months so that the toxin acts to long term ‘educating’ the muscles to contract with less force and smoothed out wrinkles.
What are the Precautions after Botox?
- After a Botox infiltration session, no great precautions are necessary, and the return to entirely everyday daily life is almost immediate. However, it is good to follow the following recommendations:
1. Intense Exercise
- Firstly, and normal daily life activities carry out immediately, it recommends not to do intense or strenuous physical exercise, or healthy sports, in the first 24 hours.
2. Local Massages
- Secondly, it is recommended not to massage the treated area after the session.
- Lastly, if you have pain after the treatment, you can take a pain reliever such as paracetamol or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
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